In Ayurveda, this is known as Pashana gardabha. This is an acute infectious disease characterized by swelling of the parotid glands near the ears. Virus attack on the gland is the reason behind this disease.
Initially, patient may feel swelling in the parotid gland which is near ear. After two/three days patient may start feeling feverish and pain in the inflamed region near the ear. Shore throat and shivering come along with this disease.
Ayurvedic Treatment:Daru Haridra is a herb of choice in treating this condition. Honey and ghee are mixed with the powder of its wood and slightly warmed and applied over the affected parts preferably during bed time. Dry hot fomentation can be given to the affected part to aid recovery. Naradiya Lakshmi Vilas is another medicine which is normally prescribed by the Ayurvedic Doctors for this treatment. This can be given to the patient at a dose of two tablets three times a day mixed with honey.
Suggested Diet: During this time patient might not feel hungry. Liquid foods are preferred to be given to the patient during the course of treatment. Avoid all kinds of fried and sour food. All types of fast foods should be avoided too. Garlic, ginger, black pepper, long pepper etc are very helpful in this condition.
Do not expose the patient to cold wind. A woolen scarf around the neck is suggested during the course of treatment. If proper care is taken in life style and food intake along with proper treatment with Ayurvedic medicines this disease can be cured quickly.
Menorrhagia is nothing but excessive bleeding during menstruation. In Ayurveda terminologies, this condition is known as Rakta Pradara.
It is found that due to hormonal imbalance in the body of the patient excessive bleeding takes place during period. As per Ayurveda, aggravation of Pitta is to be blamed for this disease. Cancer in the uterus can also be one of the reasons for this condition.
During menstruation, patient might feel pain in the abdomen, lumbar region or hips, and excessive bleeding takes place for a long period. This disease exhausts the patient and if not treated may lead to various other complexities like anemia. Giddiness, headache, restlessness are few symptoms those are complained by the patient. The patient might also feel breathlessness.
Ashoka is the herb of choice to treat this condition. Lodhra is another herb of choice in Ayurveda to treat this condition. The powder of the barks of these two herbs is administered to the patient either separately or in a compound form. This can be given four times day with a dose of one teaspoonful.
Ashokarista and Lodhrasava are two popular medicines in Ayurveda which are advised to the patients at a dose of 30 ml twice daily after food with water.
Tender leaves of pomegranate tree are also helpful in this condition. Seven tender leaves and seven grains of rice are mixed together to prepare a paste and given to the patient twice daily for a month.
Pravala(coral) and Mukta(pearl) are used in the acute condition of this disease. The powder form of this medicine commonly known as pishti is given to the patient in the dose of 100 mg four times a day.
All kind of hot and spicy food needs to be avoided. Old rice, wheat, moong dal, milk, and ghee can be given to the patient. Pomegranate, sugarcane juice, grapes, banana, jack fruit are useful for the patient.
Avoid any kind of exercise. Take sufficient rest mentally as well as physically. Excessive exposure to sun, vehicle riding, long journey are harmful in this disease.
Nature got all the ingredients to help you in retaining and enhancing your healthy and beautiful skin. Natural masks are considered one of the best way to help you stay healthy and beautiful without any side effects. Below are few popular masks that can be applied based on skin types.
Banana Mask: banana is well known for its anti-aging property on skin. Banana mask can be used to get its anti-aging property to the fullest on your facial skin. Take a ripe banana. Crush it to make it a smooth paste. Apply a thin layer of it on your skin. Leave it for around 10 minutes. Rinse with warm water and with a soft cloth pat it dry. You can feel the difference!
Cucumber Mask: Cucumber mask helps in getting a healthier and beautiful skin. This is usually applied to day skin. Take little cucumber root and mix with oatmeal. Add a teaspoonful of yogurt into it. Mix these properly and apply a thick layer of the mixture on your facial skin and leave it for 20-30 mins. Wash it with warm water and pat your skin dry with a soft and clean cloth.
Honey Mask: Honey mask can be applied to all type of skins. Apply a thin layer of pure honey on your facial skin. Leave it for 5-10 minutes. Gently clean the skin with warm water. pat your skin with cold water. Dry your skin with a soft and clean cloth. You can see and feel the difference once the mask is removed.
Lemon juice mask: Lemon juice has excellent effects on all types of skin. Lemon juice mask is also well known for its curing effects on the facial skin. It helps in reducing dark marks, marks due to pimples and so on. Take out lemon juice from the half of a lemon. Add it to egg white. Mix both egg white and lemon juice properly. Apply the mixture on your facial skin. Keep it for 30-40 minutes till it becomes dry. Wash your face with warm water and pat it dry with a soft and clean cloth.
Yogurt mask: Yogurt is well known for its all round beneficial effects on human body. It is also used to cure oily skins and make it healthy and beautiful. Take three teaspoonfuls of yogurt and add a little yeast to it. Apply the mixture on your facial skin and leave it for few minutes. Rinse it with warm water and pat it dry with a soft and clean cloth.
Your skin reflects the state of your overall health. If you are physically fit and mentally calm, your skin will naturally be supple, flawless and glowing with life. If on the other hand, you are suffering from some physical disease, or are mentally stressed out, your skin will also lack the luster of life.
Unhealthy dietary practices including intake of junk food and aerated beverages, exposure to various pollutants in water as well as air, and over exposure to the sun are some of the most common factors that squeeze out the natural health of the skin and cause various types of skin diseases. A sedentary lifestyle devoid of physical activities compounds the problem.
If your skin has also started showing the effects of all these factors in the form of blemishes, wrinkles, and other skin problems, it’s high time you paid attention to it. Yoga provides you with possibly the best-integrated skin care regimen. It balances the secretion of hormones in your body and promotes the flow of oxygen enriched blood to your skin. This neutralizes the effects of all those factors that affect the health of your skin and leaves it glowing with natural health. Yogic practices nourish the skin at the cellular level and detoxify it. They activate all internal organs, particularly the endocrine glands, and optimize their functioning by stimulating them as well as by lowering the stress levels.
The essentials for the rejuvenation of your skin are better blood circulation, improved oxygen supply to the skin cells, and lowered stress levels. Yoga has a twofold way to achieve this – pranayama and asanas. Here are some pranayama which best for skin care. Practice each for a minimum of five minutes, on an empty stomach. Be consistent and patient, for the results will start showing only after three-four weeks:
Bhastrika: It is the simplest of pranayamas and provides a sort of warm up at the beginning of a session. Simply inhale as much air as you can and then exhale slowly to remove even the last traces of it from your lungs.
Kapalbhati: This pranayama detoxifies your body by concentrating on the process of exhalation. Just blow out air from your nostrils in short bursts. Keep the pace moderate, ideally, one burst every second.
Anulom Vilom: This consists of breathing in from one nostril and breathing out from the other. Breathe in with the left nostril keeping the right closed with your thumb. Breathe out with the right, keeping the left closed with your index finger. Keep the mind concentrated on breaths.
Shitli Kumbhak: Fold your tongue in a way that it slightly protrudes from the mouth. Inhale slowly from the mouth, experiencing coolness in the interiors of the neck. Hold the breath for a few seconds and then exhale in the normal way through the nose. This pranayama is especially good for the skin. Practiced regularly it can reduce wrinkles and skin blemishes by purifying the blood.
Some asanas that are more beneficial for the skin are: • Surya Namaskara • Yoga Mudra • Trikonasana • Virabhadrasana • Bhujangasana • Pavanmuktasana • Sarvangasana • Ushtrasana • Halasana
Of these, Surya Namaskara is a complete set of twelve poses that combine the benefit of all the yogic asanas. The remaining ones are individual asanas found especially beneficial for the skin.
Practiced regularly, these pranayamas and asanas of yoga can infuse your skin with natural health and impart an unusual glow to your looks. They need no costly equipment and require just a few minutes of your time. Just be persistent and patient, and continue the practice even after you have achieved the desired results for continued benefits.
Memory goes beyond merely retaining information and recalling it when the need arises. It is a dynamic faculty of the mind that actively analyzes the assimilated information and processes it to be used by us and our body, consciously or unconsciously. For example, out of the vast mass of information we come across daily in our lives, it sieves out the irrelevant part and retains only that part which is, or may be, useful to us. That’s why a good memory is said to be the key to a healthy and wealthy life.
Need to Train the Mind to Sharpen Memory
The importance of memory in our daily lives needs no reiteration. Every moment of our life floods us with new information, developments, happenings and facts that have to be taken into account. In order to cope up with all this, we have to train our mind in a way that strengthens the dynamic aspect of memory. However, most methods and techniques to improve our memory sorely fail in it, as their stress is only on the static process of retaining information.
Why Yoga Is the Best Way to Improve Memory
Yoga is perhaps the only method that takes into account both the static and the dynamic aspects of memory, thus strengthening all the faculties of the mind – retention, analysis, and recall. The asanas and other yogic practices bring about attention, sharpen the audio-visual perception, strengthen cognition, and facilitate the processing of sensory information. The yogic practice of hath yoga – a combination of asanas, pranayam, and various meditation techniques – stimulates blood supply to the brain. This facilitates the overall health of the brain and enhances concentration. This results not just in better memory but improved cognitive abilities in general.
Yogic Ways to Improve Memory
Yogasanas: Two great asanas that address all physical and mental problems to facilitate general well being are Sarvangasana and Bhujangasana. Both these provide a great boost to memory as well. Shirshasana is a specific asana for improving the functions of mind including memory. Its regular practice greatly sharpens memory while improving concentration and attention. Asanas involving forward bends, like Uttanasana and Pashchimottanasana, also improve memory by acting on the spinal cord and the nervous system.
Pranayams: Pranayam focuses the mind on the breath as it goes in and comes out of the lungs. The process elevates the level of oxygen in the body and stimulates the flow of spiritual energy, or prana, in the mind, thus giving a boost to memory. Kapal Bhati, Bhastrika, and Bhramari are the three best pranayams for memory. Different pranayams control breath in different ways, the most common being breathing in with one nostril while keeping the other closed, and breathing out with the other nostril while keeping the first closed.
Meditation: Meditation in Siddhasana, Padmasana or Sukhasana is a great help to memory. The effect increases manifold when the meditation is done while chanting some mantra. It is not necessary to use long mantras with difficult pronunciation. Simple omkar, or the chanting of om, is enough for the purpose.
Dharana: This is the yogic practice of concentration. It yokes the wandering mind and curbs its tendency to waver. The result is increased mental strength and improved work efficiency. At the same time, it takes stress off the mind and induces peace and calm. Its daily practice proves beneficial to the body as well as the mind in multifarious ways.
These yogic practices, taken together, go much beyond merely improving memory. They provide mental strength and impart a clear, focused and directional thinking, along with improved memory.
The Word of Conclusion
According to Joan Shivarpita Harringan, Director, Patanjali Kundalini Yoga Care, if you practice yoga regularly and religiously, it can shift the automatic patterns of your nervous system over time. It can change the physiological processes and stimulate positive neurotransmitters in the brain to lay down the foundation of a calm and peaceful life with clarity of purpose as well as receptivity and retentive power of the mind. Yoga Sutra aptly sums up the relation of yoga to mind: Yogah Chittavritti Nirodhah – yoga paves the way for the cessation of the fluctuations of mind; and a firm and stable mind is a clear and focused mind with optimum memory and problem solving abilities.
Work, as the saying goes, is worship. We all need to work not just to survive and support our families, but also to carry out our larger responsibilities towards the society. However, the nature of work today has made it an enemy to our health. Most of us spend hours locked up in offices, scanning files or keeping glued to computer screens. This puts not only our eyes but also neck, shoulder and back muscles to unwarranted stress, leading to gradual stiffness in them. This, along with hundred other stresses and tensions at work, may lead to headaches, backaches, neck pain, shoulder pain, mental fatigue and irritation. If left unattended, these myriad problems may adversely affect your efficiency at work, thus forming a vicious circle that may well make your life a hell.
While we cannot wish away our work, nor can we change its nature, we can certainly incorporate some techniques of Yoga at work that would not only prevent these health problems but also make work a pleasure. And it is never too late to start. Even if you have already developed some of these problems, techniques of Yoga in the office can well alleviate pain and relieve other symptoms by facilitating the release of tension from the mind as well as the body, while strengthening muscles and increasing their flexibility at the same time.
Doctors and psychologists alike have asserted that incorporating simple Yoga techniques in work routine not only provides much needed physical exercise but also relaxes the mind and enlivens the spirit of the tired employees. These techniques can easily be performed while sitting on the chair, at any time of the day. All it requires is just a few minutes’ time during short breaks from work. Here are some Yoga-based exercises that will help you adopt correct posture at work, and alleviate stress, relieve your eyes, and strengthen your neck and shoulder muscles:
Our posture at work plays a very important role in avoiding undue stress on various muscle groups. However, most often we develop the habit of being in the wrong posture, whether sitting or standing. Here are some tips that will help you adopt the correct posture at work without consciously trying for it:
When you are standing, see to it that your feet are hip distance apart.
When you bend while standing, look down at the feet. They should be parallel.
When you are sitting, see to it that the hips and knees form right angles.
Sit straight and tall, maintaining this right angled posture, at the edge of the chair.
To maintain correct posture, it is important to keep the upper body relaxed. The Warrior Pose is an excellent exercise to help achieve it:
Raise the arms to the sides, pointing outward with fingers.
Step forward with the left foot, lower the body while bending the knee.
The right leg will now be tilted with the foot firmly planted on the floor, and knee straight.
Breathe normally, make your upper body relaxed and stay in this pose for a few minutes.
Now repeat the pose while switching the legs, this time, you will step forward with the right foot.
De-stress through Breathing
Do you feel stressed out at work? Do you yawn heavily at the beginning of the day, or after lunch? Do you feel sleepy while working? These are sure signs of being unable to withstand stress at work. Here is a simple breathing technique that will provide an outlet to the stress, preparing you afresh for the work.
Slightly press your right nostril with your right thumb.
Inhale deeply through the left nostril.
Now, use your right index finger to close the left nostril in a similar way.
Exhale through the right nostril.
Practice this technique, known as pranayama in yoga, for at least one minute, or more if you have time.
It is your neck that bears the brunt when you sit working for long hours at your desk. No wonder most people today are found complaining of pain in the neck and, in more severe cases, developing spondylitis. Here is a simple technique that can help you prevent this problem, or even get rid of it:
Keeping the body straight, put hands on the waist and lower your chin slowly till the neck feels relaxed.
Breathe naturally for two-three breaths in this position.
Gradually straighten the neck to bring the head in its natural, upright position.
Now tilt the head right towards the right shoulder. Take two-three breaths.
Next, tilt it left towards the left shoulder and again take two/three breaths.
Finally, rotating the entire neck first clockwise, and then anti-clockwise, bring the head back to its natural position.
Shoulder pains often become a nagging problem when one sits for long hours in the same position. Here is another technique that will keep your shoulders free of any pressure or pain:
While inhaling deeply, stretch hands on both the sides and bring them up to the level of ears.
Now exhaling, let the hands drop to their normal position.
Repeat a few times.
The process should be smooth and without jerks. Breathing pattern mentioned above must be followed while raising or dropping the hands.
Your eyes mirror your soul. Any sign of stress or tension first gets reflected in them. Overstraining them by staring at your computer for long, or working in improper light, can cause irreparable damage to them. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to take proper care of them at work. Here are a few ways that would help your eyes recover from ill effects of strain at work:
Look straight ahead.
Keeping the head and the neck in its natural position, slowly raise eyes to look at the ceiling. Inhale while doing this.
Now, slowly bring eyes to look downward at the floor with head and neck in the same position. Exhale while doing this.
Repeat at least five times.
Now blink a few times and then close your eyes to relax.
Repeat the same technique, looking up and down, towards the right side, blink and close eyes. Repeat again for the left side, blink and close eyes.
Finally, rotate eyes first clockwise, and then anti-clockwise. Blink and close eyes at the end of every rotation.
Shava, in Sanskrit, means corpse or a dead body. Thus, Shavasana is a pose that simulates a corpse. That is why it is also sometimes called Mrtasana, mrta in Sanskrit, means dead. It is often practiced at the end of a yoga session but can also be practiced at the end of each asana, or pose, to relax the body and prepare for the next asana. Some practitioners also practice it in the beginning of the session for better concentration and focus during the practice of various asanas. It can also be practiced as a standalone asana to relieve stress at any time of the day.
To practice Shavasana, follow these steps:
Lie down on the back, spread arms and feet at an angle of approximately 45 degrees from the sides of the body. Slightly tilt the head backward to rest it comfortably. Make yourself comfortable. In winters, if you feel necessary, you can place a blanket over the body to keep yourself warm.
Close the eyes and slowly deepen the breathing. Concentrate on the breathing and feel the whole body laying its weight on the floor and relax.
Shirsha means the head, and Shirshasana is a pose in which the body stands inverted on the crown of the head, held straight with the support of the forearms. As a result of its immense benefits, it has earned the title of the king of all asanas, or yogic poses.
To practice this pose, follow these steps:
Spread a comfortable mat or blanket on the floor. Fold double, if necessary, to provide extra cushion.
Kneel down and interlock the fingers of both the hands; place the arms, joined at fingers, on the floor. Keep the elbows shoulder width apart, so that the arms look like the sides of an equilateral triangle.
Place the head inside the hollow space created by the palms so that the crown of the head touches the floor while the back of the head touches the palms. Head should not be on the palms.
Move a little towards the head, on the knees.
Inhale. Slowly placing body weight on the arms and the crown of the head, raise the legs up.
Retaining the breath, slowly straighten the legs till the whole body becomes straight and vertical. Slowly exhale; breath from the abdomen, slowly but deeply.
Concentrate on the brain, or between the eyebrows.
Hold the pose for as long as you comfortably can, but not too long in the beginning. Then, bend the knees, lower one leg, then the other, and come down slowly.
Shirshasana must be followed by Balasana, the child pose, and Tadasana, the palm tree pose, in that order. This is required to slowly bring back the body into the normal mode before you resume the normal activities, or go on to other poses.
Being an inverted pose, shirshasana increases blood flow to the brain with accompanying benefits in the sphere of mind and intellect. Alongside, it also rejuvenates the body and stimulates the flow of spiritual energy, called prana, in it. In fact, it has so many benefits that they have to be discussed under separate heads, as follows:
Improves blood circulation in the head
Relieves pressure and pain in the lower part of the body in general, and lower back in particular
Improves overall physical balance
Facilitates concentration and improves memory
Increases intellectual capabilities
Helps one develop a deeper insight into life and its different aspects
However, Shirshasana is an advanced pose and requires great care. Don’t attempt it unless you have sufficiently practiced poses involving forward and backward bends and twists, developed sufficient strength in neck, back and shoulder muscles, and improved breath control and balance. In the beginning, it is always advisable to practice it under the supervision of an expert.
You can take the help of a wall, or specially prepared props, for support in the beginning. Practice Ardha Shirshasana, or the dolphin pose, before attempting Shirshasana. It will develop strength in upper parts of the body and will provide a smooth transition to Shirshasana.
Do not practice Shirshasana if you suffer from any of these conditions – high blood pressure, palpitation, glaucoma, detachment of retina, conjunctivitis, brain, neck or back injury, as well as obesity. Do not practice it if you are a menstruating or pregnant woman. Exit the pose immediately if you feel like coughing, sneezing or yawning.
Taking care of these precautions, you can practice Shirshasana and benefit from its immense physical, mental and spiritual advantages.
Adhomukha means facing downward and Shvanasana means the dog pose; thus, Adhomukhashvanasana is the dog pose facing downward.This is a yoga position to help to get an all-round benefit to the human body.
To do this pose, follow these steps:
Kneel down and, bending the body from the waist, put palms on the floor. Arms should be under the shoulders, fingers stretched outward; knees should be under the hips and about seven inches apart; spine should be straight and relaxed.
Exhaling forcibly lifts the knees from the floor and push the hips towards the ceiling. The body should resemble an inverted V now. Arms should be straight, elbows easy, and shoulders wide and relaxed. Heels, toes, palms, and fingers should be firmly gripping the floor, both the hands and the legs should be hip-width apart. If the hamstrings feel rigid, the knees may be bent a little to fully stretch the spine.
Pashchim, meaning west, here refers to the back, and uttana means stretch. Thus, this is a pose that stretches the back and waist to extreme flexibility with accompanying benefits.
To do this pose, follow these steps:
Sit straight on the floor keeping legs straight ahead, touching the floor.
Lifting spine from the hinges of the hips, rather than the waist, lean forward without bending the knees.
Try to bring the chest forward so that back and waist are stretched, and not to bring the head to the knees which would unduly stress the neck.
A similar pose is Uttanasana which is done in standing position. However, Pashchimottanasana is safer and more effective as it reduces the factor of gravity in the stretch with a corresponding increase in flexibility. Further, in the sitting position the support of arms is also available to the upper body which, with their help, can be moved further or pulled in, as desired.